About history of working
We explain about working after war on this page.(data on working hours are based on the Economic White Paper published on the Cabinet Office website.)
1.Working style during Japanese high economic growth period
Japanese high economic growth period is when the size of the economy expanded dramatically from 1954 to 1973. Now,we explain to you about working style during Japanese high economic growth period.
The first difference is that the population is growing. The 1954 Economic White Paper also stated that the total population increased by 1.2 million compared to the previous year. It can be said that the economic power of Japan at this time also increased as the population increased.
Another characteristic of this time is that many people are in the manufacturing and construction industries.In 1960, the rate of increase in the number of employment in that occupation increased by 29% compared to the previous year, indicating that many people are engaged in the manufacturing and construction industries. I also felt that the proportion of people in the primary, secondary and tertiary industries this year was not biased and that supply and demand could be maintained.
In terms of the working environment, wage growth was up 7.2%, which seemed to be quite good.
However, as far as we know, the 1960 data did not include working hours or working data on women. I think this is because the working environment and the diversity of the working environment in Japan at this time had not received much attention.
2.1990's working style
On 1990's, Japanese motivation was high because of the economy was up.
Regarding the working environment and working hours, the Economic White Paper states, “In contrast to the growing international position of the Japanese economy, working hours are 200 to 500 hours longer than other developed countries a year, a level suitable for developed countries. It seems that the work environment has been receiving more attention than in 1960, but the word "work style reform" has not been written yet, and it seems that no improvement measures have been found yet. Issues such as the seniority wage curve and fringe benefits have been taken up quite a bit, and the gender pay gap remains unchanged as it is now.